Premise Resolving relationships within order Commelinales has posed quite a challenge, as reflected in its unstable infra-familial classification. Thus, we investigated (1) relationships across families and genera of Commelinales; (2) phylogenetic placement of never-before sequenced genera; (3) how well off-target plastid data integrate with other plastid-based data sets; and (4) how the novel inferences coincide with the infra-familial classification. Methods We generated two large data sets (nuclear and plastome) by means of target sequence capture using the Angiosperms353 probe set, with additional sequences mined from publicly available transcriptomes and full plastomes. A third extended-plastid data set was considered, including all species with sequences in public repositories. Species trees were inferred under a multispecies coalescent framework from individual gene trees and also using maximum likelihood analyses from concatenated and partitioned data. Results The nuclear, plastome, and extended-plastid data sets include 52, 53, and 58 genera, respectively, and up to 290 species of Commelinales, representing the most comprehensive molecular sampling for the order to date, which includes seven never-before sequenced genera. Conclusions We inferred robust phylogenies supporting the monophyly of Commelinales and its five constituent families, and we recovered the clades Pontederiaceae-Haemodoraceae and Hanguanaceae-Commelinaceae, as previously reported. The placement of Philydraceae remains contentious. Relationships within the two largest families, Commelinaceae and Haemodoraceae, are resolved. Based on the latter results, we confirm the subfamilial classification of Haemodoraceae and propose a new classification for Commelinaceae, which includes the synonymization of Tapheocarpa in Commelina.