Resolution of rapid evolutionary radiations requires harvesting maximal signal from phylogenomic datasets. However, studies of non-model clades often target conserved loci that are characterized by reduced information content, which can negatively affect gene tree precision and species tree accuracy. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based methods are an underutilized but potentially valuable tool for estimating phylogeny and divergence times because they do not rely on resolved gene trees, allowing information from many or all variant loci to be leveraged in species tree reconstruction. We evaluated the utility of SNP-based methods in resolving phylogeny of Holarctic ground squirrels (Urocitellus), a radiation that has been difficult to disentangle, even in prior phylogenomic studies. We inferred phylogeny from a dataset of >3,000 ultraconserved element loci (UCEs) using two methods (SNAPP, SVDquartets) and compared our results with a new mitogenome phylogeny. We also systematically evaluated how phasing of UCEs improves per-locus information content, and inference of topology and other parameters within each of these SNP-based methods. Phasing improved topological resolution and branch length estimation at shallow levels (within species complexes), but less so at deeper levels, likely reflecting true uncertainty due to ancestral polymorphisms segregating in these rapidly diverging lineages. We resolved several key clades in Urocitellus and present targeted opportunities for future phylogenomic inquiry. Our results extend the roadmap for use of SNPs to address vertebrate radiations and support comparative analyses at multiple temporal scales.